2015 AERE Fellows
Edward B. Barbier, University of Wyoming, has had a long and distinguished career in environmental and natural resource economics and policy. He originated some of the earliest economic approaches to “sustainable development,” publishing path-breaking work in this area in the 1980s. His 1989 book Blueprint for a Green Economy, co-authored with David Pierce and Anil Markandya, was named in 2008 by Cambridge University’s Institute of Sustainability Leadership as one of the 50 most influential books on sustainability. Among its many honors and awards, Blueprint also received the 1991 Mazzotti Prize (Italy) for contributions to economics and ecology.
Ed has also pioneered the sub-field of environment and development economics. He was one of the founding editors in 1995 of the journal Environment and Development Economics, and remains an honorary member of its Editorial Board. He continues to serve as a consultant and policy analyst for numerous organizations concerned with environment and development, including many UN agencies, the OECD, and the World Bank.
In addition, Ed’s research has focused on the interface between economics and ecology, and especially the analysis of ecosystem services. This has involved extensive collaboration with scholars from a variety of disciplines, and led to publications not only in economic journals but also in top scientific outlets, such as Science and Nature. This work has had a significant influence on policymakers and continues to impact global environmental outcomes, including current efforts to reconcile environmental and economic objectives through “green growth”. To date, Ed has authored over 200 peer-reviewed publications and numerous books, and he is one of the most highly cited environmental economists (see Google Scholar and IDEAS).
As a teacher and mentor, Ed has also been recognized at home and abroad. He received the University of Wyoming’s President’s Award based on excellence in research and teaching. Ed continues to play an integral part in graduate and undergraduate environmental and natural resource economics programs within the Department of Economics and Finance.
Capitalizing on Nature: Ecosystems as Natural Assets, 2011, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York.
“Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management with Nonlinear Ecological Functions and Values,” Science, 2008, 319: 321-323, with E.W. Koch et al.
“Valuing Ecosystem Services as Productive Inputs,” Economic Policy, 2007, 22: 177–229.
Natural Resources and Economic Development, 2005, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York.
“Corruption, Trade and Resource Conversion,” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2005, 50: 276-299, with R. Damania and D. Léonard.
“The Conditions for Achieving Environmentally Sustainable Development,” European Economic Review, 1990, 34:659-669, with A. Markandya.
Blueprint for a Green Economy, 1989, with D. Pearce and A. Markandya, Earthscan, London.
John S. Bugas Distinguished Professor, University of Wyoming, 2000 – present.
Carlo Carraro is perhaps the most “international” member of AERE, having spent time at Princeton in the US for his PhD in 1985, at the University of Paris and other appointments in France, at the University of Venice and other academic appointments in Italy, plus FEEM in Milan, CEPR in London, CESifo in Munich, CEPS in Brussels, and the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) in Japan. At Venice, he has been Assistant, Associate, and Full Professor, as well as Department Chair, Vice Provost, and President of the University (2009-2014). As if that was not sufficiently international, he has been a “lead author” since 1995 of Assessment Reports for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He was elected in 2008 as Vice-Chair of the Working Group III and re-elected in 2015.
On behalf of AERE, Carlo has served as a member of the Board of Directors, and as Chair of the Selection Committee for the World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists (WCERE) in 2006, 2010, and 2014. He served as Co-Editor of AERE’s Review of Environmental Economics and Policy (REEP) and now serves as its editor-in-chief.
Carlo Carraro has published more than 30 books and 200 articles. While the direction of causation is unclear, he has a high correlation between the international nature of his locations and the international nature of his research. He started in macroeconomic policy analysis, especially international games and coalitions in monetary and fiscal policies. He then proceeded to study international environmental negotiations, environmental technology policy with international competition, environmental taxation with imperfect markets or with unemployment, R&D cooperation, endogenous technical change, and European coordination on carbon policy. As an internationalist, he has worked tirelessly on global climate policy.
Buonanno P., C. Carraro, and M. Galeotti (2003), “Endogenous Induced Technical Change and the Costs of Kyoto,” Resource and Energy Economics, 25(1), 11–34.
Carraro C., and D. Siniscalco (1998), “International Environmental Agreements: Incentives and Political Economy,” European Economic Review, 42(3), 561-572.
Carraro C., M. Galeotti and M. Gallo (1996), “Environmental Taxation and Unemployment: Some Evidence on the Double Dividend Hypothesis in Europe,” Journal of Public Economics, 62(1), 141-181.
Carraro C., and D. Siniscalco (1993), “Strategies for the International Protection of the Environment,” Journal of Public Economics, 52(3), 309-328.
Scientific Director of the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)